Chronic pain in the pelvis accounts for almost 10 to 15% of referrals to pain clinics and gynecologists. Pelvic congestion syndrome is the most common cause of this pain. However, you need not live with this debilitating condition anymore. There are effective diagnosis and treatment plans to help patients with PCS.
What is Pelvic Congestion Syndrome?
If you are suffering from chronic pain in the lower part of your torso, then chances are you may suffer from pelvic congestion syndrome. It is a condition that afflicts women when varicose veins form within the pelvic region near the lower abdomen. Varicose veins are those veins that have become twisted, swollen or lengthened due to poor vein function. Almost 30% of women suffering from chronic pelvic pain are diagnosed with pelvic congestion syndrome.
What are the Various Symptoms?
Women suffering from PCS report a dull pain in their pelvic region, which escalates during the days leading to menstruation and during or after sexual intercourse. The pain also becomes prominent usually during the evenings or after standing for long stretches of time. Women can get pelvic congestion syndrome in the late stages of pregnancy. Other symptoms of this condition include painful menstruation or abnormal bleeding during this period. Some women might also experience swelling of the vulva or vagina and abnormal vaginal discharge. It also affects other parts of the body, leading to depression, fatigue and backache. In some cases, the symptoms include hip pain, irritable bowel syndrome, frequent urination and tenderness of the abdomen.
What are the Causes?
The most likely cause of PCS as stated by experts is pregnancy. This is because:
- Pregnancy leads to structural changes in the pelvic area that might cause blood vessels to act differently.
- There is an increase in fluids and weight to support the unborn baby. Sometimes, the veins cannot cope up with these increased fluids that lead to damaged valves.
- Also, a rise in estrogen during pregnancy weakens walls of blood vessels. Women who have already been pregnant once are more prone to pelvic congestion syndrome.