If you are suffering from spider or varicose veins or have undergone vein surgery, you are a likely candidate for Sclerotherapy. You should have an understanding of what Sclerotherapy is and how it can help you.
What is Sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is a procedure used to treat varicose veins and spider veins. Varicose veins refer to large, swollen, and raised veins that twist and turn. Spider veins are small swollen red, blue or purple colored vessels that also turn and twist. During Sclerotherapy, a chemical known as sclerosant is injected into the varicose vein. The dose of sclerosant damages the lining of the vein causing it to close. The destroyed vein is reabsorbed into your tissues and finally fades.
Why is Sclerotherapy Performed?
This procedure helps to improve the symptoms associated with spider and varicose veins such as:
- Night cramps
Sclerotherapy should not be performed if you:
- Are allergic to sclerosant or any substances that are similar to sclerosant
- Have deep vein thrombosis
- Are nursing or pregnant.
Temporary Side Effects of Sclerotherapy
The main side effects of Sclerotherapy take place at the area where you got the injection. Common side effects include:
- Small sores on your skin
- Dark skin in form of spots or lines
- Multiple red blood vessels
Most of the side effects of Sclerotherapy disappear after a couple of days or several weeks.
Serious side effects of Sclerotherapy include:
- Blood clot
- Allergic reaction
- Air bubbles
When any of these serious side effects are detected, you should seek medical attention immediately.
What to Expect
Sclerotherapy does not require anesthesia and is usually done at the doctor’s office. The doctor will ask you to lie on your back and to elevate your legs slightly. After cleaning the affected area (or areas) with alcohol, the doctor then will insert a needle with sclerosant into the affected vein. This process should not last any longer than an hour.
Some patients experience cramps or stinging. When the needle is removed, the doctor massages the treated area to prevent blood flowing into the injected vein. A compression pad will be applied on the injected area to compress it while your doctor treats other veins if there are any.
After treatment, you are required to lie on your back for at least 20 minutes. Your doctor will inspect the injected areas to determine if there are any side effects. You will be required to wear bandages or compression stockings for about three weeks to compress the treated veins.
Most people are able to resume their daily routines after the treatment. Your doctor however, will advise against any strenuous exercises for the first two weeks. You should also keep the treated areas away from sunlight as this can cause dark spots.
At South Texas Vein Institute in Edinburg, our medical team specializes in vein disorders and vein treatment. Our medical team will work with you to determine the safest and most effective vein treatment for your needs and your condition. Contact South Texas Vein Institute today to schedule your consultation.