In your lifetime, you could come across various venous disorders. Two such conditions are varicose veins and spider veins. Spider veins are small blue or red vessels visible within the skin, usually on the leg, face, neck, or chest area. Varicose veins, on the other hand, are veins that are roughly ¼ inch in diameter that usually cause pain, fatigue, and swelling. Sometimes, varicose veins can lead to more serious complications, but spider veins are just cosmetic.
Some of the most common causes of varicose and spider veins are weight gain (or loss), pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, or they might be hereditary. Fortunately, there is a safe and painless treatment called sclerotherapy that might be right for you.
How does Sclerotherapy Work?
Sclerotherapy consists of injecting the treated veins with a special solution called sclerosant. The overall goal of the injection is to improve the appearance of the veins by damaging the internal lining of the veins, causing blood to clot from within the vein. Over time, the body will destroy the damaged veins naturally, causing them to disappear.
The scientific name for the sclerosant solution is sodium tetradecyl sulphate. Depending on the size of the veins being treated, the concentration level is tailored to you. Patients might need to go through two to three treatment sessions to get the results they desire. The number of treatment sessions depends on how many veins you have and like to treat.
Before the treatment, the areas in question will be marked, and a local anesthetic will be injected so to ease discomfort. The needle with the solution will be placed directly into the vein. Some patients experience some slight stinging. Patients might get more than one injection during a treatment.
What Are The Pros And Cons Of Sclerotherapy?
The greatest benefit that you can get from this procedure is the elimination of up to 80 percent of the clusters of varicose veins. However, there are some risks involved. You should speak to your doctor about those risks because they vary from person to person. It should be noted that in rare cases, a small, permanent scar might result from the procedure.
Different sclerosing agents are used depending on the size and physical form of the target blood vessel. If the correct vessels are treated, symptoms of venous insufficiency can be improved. For cosmetic reasons, the procedure might also involve the destruction of smaller superficial vessels.
At the South Texas Vein Institute, our doctors will be able to answer any questions or concerns you might have about sclerotherapy. You should go into the sessions with the right information and to see if you are a good candidate for the procedure. Spider veins are only superficial and not covered by your insurance because it is considered a cosmetic procedure. With that being said, schedule your consultation today and you can say good to those painful varicose veins.